Historical Places

The History of Hiran Minar (1606 A.D)

If you’re a lover of gardens, history, and captivating stories, then Hiran Minar in the Punjab region of Pakistan is a place you absolutely must visit. This enchanting garden stands out as an unparalleled example of the profound bond between humans and animals. Allow us to take you on a journey through the captivating history of this timeless sanctuary.

A King’s Vision

Hiran Minar owes its existence to the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, a great ruler who left his mark on the pages of history. Whether his subjects had enough bread to eat or not, he displayed his love and affection through remarkable constructions like this one. This monumental tower is not just a structure; it’s a testament to the power and vision of an emperor.

Hiran Minar,s History

Hiran Minar is known for its unique construction. The towering edifice features a lake in front of it, surrounded by a twelve-sided fence. What makes it even more intriguing is the fact that humans used to engage in sports, building, and other activities around this water body, thanks to Jahangir’s creative planning.

A Glimpse into Mughal Grandeur

This garden is not an isolated masterpiece; it’s part of a larger tapestry of Mughal architectural wonders. From the Taj Mahal and the Badshahi Mosque to Shalimar Bagh and the Red Fort, the Mughals left their indelible mark on the landscape. The Mughal era may have passed, but their stunning creations continue to inspire awe.

Hiran Minar is a marvel that has survived through the ages. Even during the British colonial era, it retained its charm. Enrico Tourista and Mitchell R. P. Curie celebrated it as an eternal example of architectural splendor.

The Birth of Sheikhupura

The city of Sheikhupura, home to Hiran Minar, has a history that dates back to the reign of Emperor Jahangir. It was a royal hunting ground, teeming with diverse wildlife, thanks to its lush forests. Emperors and nobles would travel great distances to indulge in hunting and leisure activities in these verdant surroundings.

The Saga of Hansraj

Jahangir’s fondness for hunting in Sheikhupura brought him face-to-face with a particular deer named Hansraj. When this beloved deer passed away, Jahangir constructed a magnificent tower in his honor, naming it Hiran minaar. The tower stood as a testament to the emperor’s respect and admiration for this remarkable animal.

Hiran Minar Story

Hiran Minar is a three-story masterpiece, its uniqueness evident in the ninety-foot-high resting place at the top. One must ascend a hundred steps to reach this platform, where Shahanshah Jahangir and Malika Noor used to relax, particularly under the enchanting moonlight.

This tower stands at thirty-three feet in girth, gradually narrowing to twenty-three feet at the top. Inside, you’ll find approximately one hundred steps, each made from the finest stone. Twelve arches surround the tower, adding to its grandeur.

Jahangir’s Legacy

Jahangir’s love for wildlife was not confined to Hiran Minar. He also constructed a pond where his beloved deer, Hansraj, could quench its thirst. The proximity of the pond to the tower made it a unique feature. To facilitate the flow of water, a bridge was erected, and a fascinating water drainage system was put in place.

Today, Hiran Minar is not just a relic of the past but a vibrant site where people from all over Pakistan come to enjoy leisurely walks, picnics, and boating in the pond. The tower, adorned with beautiful balconies, provides an exceptional vantage point for those curious souls looking to explore its history.

While Hiran Minar remains a treasure, there are concerns about its upkeep. Some visitors wonder why certain parts are closed off and why repairs seem lacking. People also question the management and use of funds generated from this iconic site.

A Call for Preservation

As we look to the future, there’s a shared responsibility to preserve this remarkable piece of history. Let’s ensure that Hiran Minaar remains a testament to the bygone era of the Mughals, a source of inspiration for generations to come.

Hiran Minar is not just a place; it’s a living testament to history, where the grandeur of the Mughal era still echoes through time. It’s a place where nature and architecture coexist in harmony, and where the connection between humans and animals stands as a tribute to the love and respect for all living creatures. It’s an extraordinary gem in the heart of Pakistan that deserves to be cherished and protected for future generations to enjoy.


What is Hiran Minar?

Hiran Minar, also known as the “Deer Tower,” is a historical garden and tower complex located in the Punjab region of Pakistan. It was built during the Mughal era and is a tribute to a beloved deer named Hansraj.

Who built Hiran Minar?

Hiran Minar was constructed during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. It was later extended and enhanced by his son, Shah Jahan.

What is the significance of Hansraj in Hiran Minar’s history?

Hansraj was a cherished deer of Emperor Jahangir. When Hansraj passed away, the emperor decided to build Hiran Minaar as a memorial to this beloved creature.

How tall is Hiran Minar?

Hiran Minaar stands at a height of thirty-three feet, and it has three stories. To reach the top, visitors need to climb a hundred steps.

Who else is associated with Hiran Minar’s history, apart from Emperor Jahangir and Hansraj?

Shah Jahan, Emperor Jahangir’s son, also left his mark on Hiran Minar. He extended the hunting grounds, added rose gardens and constructed a fort in Sheikhupura.

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