History Of Kings

History of Queen Victoria (1819-1901)

Queen Victoria, the iconic monarch of the 19th century, was born in 1819 in London, England, as Alexandrina Victoria, but she would come to be known simply as Victoria. Her early life was marked by privilege and isolation, as she was raised in the opulent surroundings of the royal family.

Queen Victoria’s History

Victoria’s father, Prince Edward, the Duke of Kent, passed away when she was just a few months old. As a result, her mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and her domineering advisor, John Conroy, became the dominant figures in her life.

This environment of control and influence meant Victoria had very few opportunities for typical childhood activities and friendships. She was, however, exceptionally close to her nanny, Louise Lehzen, who became her closest confidante.

Despite the isolation and constant presence of her mother and Conroy, young Victoria displayed a feisty and independent temperament. She was known for her kind-hearted nature and had a passion for painting, drawing, and journal writing.

The Path to the Throne

Victoria’s life took a significant turn as her uncles, her father’s brothers, passed away without leaving any heirs. This change in the line of succession meant that Victoria, once fifth in line to the throne, would ascend to become Queen of Great Britain and Ireland.

Upon becoming queen, one of her first actions was to break away from the controlling influence of her mother and Conroy. She moved into her own room and sought advice from her trusted friend, Prime Minister Lord Melbourne, on matters of government and ruling the country.

A Royal Love Story

In 1840, Queen Victoria married her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, whom she had known since childhood. Their love story is emblematic of the Victorian era. At first, the British public was skeptical of Prince Albert because of his German heritage, but he eventually won their favor. He played a significant role in Victoria’s rule, providing advice and support.

Family Life and Traditions

During their marriage, Victoria and Albert had nine children, and their palace was a bustling, noisy place. Prince Albert introduced various German traditions to the United Kingdom, including the custom of decorating Christmas trees. This tradition quickly caught on, becoming a cherished part of British culture.

The Age of Victoria

The era of Queen Victoria, often referred to as Victorian England, was marked by significant changes and achievements. The country witnessed tremendous industrialization, with the construction of railways, bridges, underground sewers, and power networks.

The British Empire also expanded, doubling in size and acquiring territories in Canada, Australia, India, and various parts of Africa and the South Pacific.

Queen Victoria’s love for the British Empire led to the famous saying, “The sun never sets on the British Empire.” Her reign also supported scientific advancements, including Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution and innovations such as the telegraph and the popular press. The population grew more literate, and cities expanded.

Challenges and Resilience

Despite her many accomplishments, Queen Victoria faced seven assassination attempts during her reign. Her enemies sought to dethrone her, but they were unsuccessful. Tragedy struck in 1861 when Prince Albert passed away from typhoid fever at the age of forty-two. Queen Victoria entered a prolonged period of mourning and seclusion, which continued until the end of her reign.

Legacy of a Great Monarch

When Queen Victoria passed away on January 22, 1901, she held the distinction of being the longest-reigning female monarch in the world. Her rule left an indelible mark on the United Kingdom and its empire. Her commitment to her people and her dedication to progress and innovation made her one of the most influential monarchs in history.

If you were a monarch of a country, you might face immense pressure, just as Queen Victoria did. But, like her, you could use your position to make a positive impact on your people. Victoria’s story teaches us that privilege can be used to bring about lasting change and transformation, and that the weight of a crown can be borne with grace and resilience.


1. What is the significance of Queen Victoria’s reign?

  • Queen Victoria’s reign, often referred to as the Victorian era, marked a period of significant transformation in the United Kingdom and the British Empire. It was a time of industrialization, scientific advancements, and expansion of the British Empire.

2. How did Queen Victoria become queen?

  • Victoria became queen in 1837 when her uncle, King William IV, passed away. She was the daughter of Prince Edward, the Duke of Kent, and was next in line for the throne due to the lack of living heirs among her uncles.

3. Who was Queen Victoria’s husband?

  • Queen Victoria married her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their marriage was a pivotal part of her reign, and Prince Albert played a crucial role in advising and supporting the queen.

4. What were some of the achievements of Queen Victoria’s reign?

  • Queen Victoria’s reign witnessed significant industrialization, the expansion of the British Empire, advancements in science, and cultural developments. Notably, she supported scientists like Charles Darwin and introduced traditions like the Christmas tree to the United Kingdom.

5. Why is it called the Victorian era?

  • The Victorian era is named after Queen Victoria, who reigned for a substantial part of the 19th century. It’s a period associated with her reign and the cultural, societal, and industrial changes that took place during that time.

6. What was Queen Victoria’s impact on the British Empire?

  • Queen Victoria’s reign saw the British Empire double in size, with the acquisition of territories in Canada, Australia, India, and various parts of Africa and the South Pacific. Her love for the empire contributed to the saying, “The sun never sets on the British Empire.”

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