History Of Kings

The History of Hulagu Khan || King of Mongols

We delve into the life and conquests of Hulagu Khan, a figure whose very name struck fear into the hearts of many. the grandson of the legendary Genghis Khan was a formidable warrior who laid the foundations for the Mongol Sultanate. Let’s journey through his intriguing life story and the significant events that marked his rule.

Early Life and Conversion

Hulagu Khan was born in the year 1213 CE. His favorite wife, Dakus Khatoon, hailed from a Christian family, and under her influence, Hulagu Khan adopted Christianity. Some historical accounts suggest that he briefly embraced Buddhism before his death, although this was against the wishes of the Buddhist temple.

The Rise of Hulagu Khan

Hulaku Khan had three sons: Mangu, Taimur, and Habaca Khan. His older brother, Khan, took the mantle of Great Khan in 1251. In 1255, Khan ordered Hulagu Khan to embark on a massive military campaign aimed at annihilating the Muslim princely states in Asia.

The Conquest of Muslim Princely States

Hulagu Khan led a colossal army to conquer the Muslim princely states of Asia. His conquest included regions like Iran, Baghdad, and Syria. Was known for a unique strategy: he encouraged surrendering states to lay down their arms. He believed in treating conquered territories gently and only resorting to force when necessary.

The Fall of Baghdad

In 1258, Hulaku Khan set his sights on Baghdad, the capital of the Islamic Caliphate. When the Caliph refused to surrender, Hulaku Khan devised a cunning plan that eventually led to the city’s fall. He managed to betray the Caliph, leading to a significant weakening of Baghdad’s defenses. Subsequently, the city was captured.

Tragic Aftermath

The capture of Baghdad marked a gruesome turning point. The city witnessed unparalleled destruction, with reports of corpses strewn in the streets and blood-soaked rivers. Baghdad’s Great Library, renowned as one of the world’s largest, was said to be annihilated. The priceless books from the library were thrown into the Tigris River, turning its waters black for months.

The human cost of Hulaku Khan’s conquest was devastating. It is estimated that approximately twelve million Muslims lost their lives at the hands of the Mongol army. Mosques were looted, and hospitals lay in ruins. The Caliph himself was captured and forced to witness the desolation that had befallen his city.

Continuing Campaigns

After the fall of Baghdad, Hulagu Khan extended his campaigns to Syria and Palestine. These regions too witnessed bloodshed, destruction, and martyrdom. In 1269, he killed the powerful figure, Annasir Yusuf, who was a renowned leader in Syria.

Hulagu Khan’s focus shifted when he learned of the death of his brother, the Great Khan. To secure his position, he returned to Mongolia, leaving a legacy of conquered Islamic princely states in his wake.

The Showdown in Egypt

Hulagu Khan set his sights on the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt, aiming to avenge the other Islamic princely states. He marshaled a vast army, and the stage was set for a climactic showdown.

A Fateful Encounter

In 1260, Hulagu Khan faced the Mamluk Sultanate’s leader, the Mamluk Sultan. Their encounter was intense, resulting in the capture of the Sultan. However, in a daring escape, the Sultan managed to flee, leading to a pursuit by the Mongols. The situation took a dramatic turn when the Sultan’s forces cornered the Mongols.

The Divine Intervention

During the ensuing battle, Hulagu Khan had a surreal encounter. He gathered all Muslims on the battlefield and issued a challenge, doubting the power of their God to save them from his might. An elderly man, observing this, delivered a powerful response, stating that Hulaku Khan’s act of tossing and catching lemons in the air without a fall was proof of his soul separating from his body. This encounter shook Hulaku Khan to his core, and he endured a severe injury during the subsequent events.

Hulagu Khan’s History

Hulagu Khan’s life was marked by remarkable conquests, but his campaigns left an indelible mark of destruction and devastation. The story of Hulagu Khan serves as a testament to the complex interplay of power, strategy, and the unpredictable course of history.

This blog post provides a glimpse into the life and legacy of Hulaku Khan, a conqueror whose name evoked fear, and whose campaigns reshaped the map of Asia in the 13th century.

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